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A Edit

Adenoviruses

B Edit

C Edit

Candida albicans
is the most common fungal pathogen of humans and has developed an extensive repertoire of putative virulence mechanisms that allows successful colonization and infection of the host under suitable predisposing conditions [1]
Clostridium botulinum
Bacteria can enter an open wound from contaminated water sources. Can enter the gastrointestinal tract by consuming contaminated drinking water or (more commonly) food
Coliform Bacteria
live in soil or vegetation and in the gastrointestinal tract of animals. Coliforms enter water supplies from the direct disposal of waste into streams or lakes, or from runoff from wooded areas, pastures, feedlots, septic tanks, and sewage plants into streams or groundwater. (http://extoxnet.orst.edu/faqs/safedrink/microorg.htm) includes strains such as E. coli. They are ubiquitous in nature, and many types are harmless.


Cryptosporidium parvum 
a protozoan parasite that causes cryptosporidiosis, which has gained notoriety in the past five years. In 1993, over 400,000 people in Milwaukee, Wisconsin became ill with it after drinking contaminated water (http://extoxnet.orst.edu/faqs/safedrink/microorg.htm)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
virus that causes eye infections. Aciclovir is not effective as CMV does not encode a viral thymidine kinase.

D Edit

E Edit

Enterobacteriaceae
Enterococcus durans
Enterococcus avium 
Enterococcus faecalis
Enterococcus gallinarum 
Enterococcus casseliflavus 


Enterovirus
can cause diarrhoea, viral menigitis, conjunctivitis, encephilitis


Escherichia coli
Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms). Most E. coli strains are harmless, but some serotypes can cause serious food poisoning in humans

F Edit

flavivirus
(genus) member of Flaviviridae family, contains more than 70 arthropod-borne viruses
Flaviviridae family
+RNA virus, (hist Togaviridae obs.)

G Edit

Giardia Lamblia
flagellated protozoa that are parasitic in the intestines of humans and animals

H Edit

Haemophilus influenzae
Helminths 
are parasitic worms that grow and multiply in sewage and wet soil [2]

Hepatitis A is an enteric virus that is very small. It can be transferred through contaminated water, causing outbreaks

Herpes
There are 8 herpes virus, and new strains are resistant to Aciclovir
Herpes Simplex
type 1 and 2


Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) 
(virus)


Human papilloma virus (HPV)
high grade pre-cancerous virus. 2 genotypes HPV-16 and HPV-18

most promising treatment for HPV. papilloma is a DNA virus. infections is systemic interferon alfa

Human rhinovirus (HRV)
belong to the picornaviruses

I Edit

L Edit

Legionella pneumophila
Legionellosis (two distinct forms: Legionnaires’ disease and Pontiac fever
Legionella 
genus of bacteria
Lentivirus

M Edit

Mimivirus
big virus
myxomatosis
rabbit virus
Moraxella cafarrhalis
Myxoviruses

N Edit

O Edit

P Edit

Papillomavirus
DNA virus, causes genital warts
phage D
300 genes
Picornaviruses
include polio, hepititus A, foot and mouth disease. They are among the smallest of the animal RNA viruses
Poliovirus
first human virus to be characterized
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
colonizations occur in critical body organs, such as the lungs, the urinary tract, and kidneys, the results can be fatal. It is found in soil, water, skin flora. also in hypoxic atmospheres, and has, thus, colonized many natural and artificial environments

R Edit

Reoviridae; Reoviridae family

Rotavirus 
the most common cause of severe diarrhoea among infants and young children.[1] It is a genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the family Reoviridae.

S Edit

Shigella dysenteriae
Smallpox
Streptococcus pneumoniae

T Edit

U Edit

V Edit

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
causes chicken pox and shingles.


Vibrio cholerae
bacterium that spreads cholera

W Edit

West Nile virus
was first identified in 1937 in Uganda in eastern Africa It was first discovered in the United States in the summer of 1999 in New York. Researchers believe West Nile virus is spread when a mosquito bites an infected bird and then bites a person.
  1. http://mmbr.asm.org/content/67/3/400.abstract
  2. http://extoxnet.orst.edu/faqs/safedrink/microorg.htm
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